PRANAYAM For Health & Happiness Print
Written by Dr. Aparna Singh, Dr. Mahendra Prasad & Prof M. S. Meena   

Yoga is very popular now days. Yoga means combination with whole universe entropy. According to Patanjali yoga is made up of eight components. Pranayama is located at fourth place. Pranayama is yogic art of breathing, comes from the root words prana and ayama. Prana means “life force” and ayama means “expansion, manifestation, or prolongation.” The practice of pranayama therefore is the practice of expanding our own prana so that it harmonizes with the universal prana. This results in oneness or merging of a person’s own consciousness with universal consciousness. It is in this union that we realize we are not simply a limited physical body, but are, in fact, an immortal spirit.

Pranayama is breath control on the physical level and prana (life force) control on the subtle level. This is achieved through conscious inhalation (puraka), exhalation (recaka), and retention (kumbhaka) of breath along with focused attention on some particular part or area of the physical or subtle body, such as the heart or sixth Chakra (the so-called “third eye”) at the middle of the forehead.


Pranayama can help you regulate your system, alter your mood and ensure longevity. The main aspects of Pranayama are inhalation, exhalation and retention. Pranayama always begins with inhalations and exhalations. This strengthens the lungs and balances the nervous system, preparing the body to hold the breath. Brhadyogi-yajnavalkya-smruti has mentioned that “Just as fire burns the impurities of the minerals from the rocks, likewise internal impurities are removed by Pranayama”.
PRANAYAMA: How it works on body?
By inspiration, expiration and retention in Pranayama there is a rise and fall of diaphragm and contraction and relaxation of the abdominal muscles which give accentuated and constant movement and massage to the bowels and the kidneys and help in removing congestion if there is any. The nerves and muscles of the bowels and the kidneys are toned up. The bowels and kidneys derive benefit not only during Pranayama but even for the remaining part of the day. The function of elimination is carried on more effectively.
Healthy respiration depends on strong respiratory muscles and good elasticity of the lungs. Through Pranayama the chest is expanded to its fullest extent several times and putting the lungs on the utmost stretch. Thus these organs are better trained to perform their work efficiently during the remaining part of the day.
The organs of digestion and absorption like the stomach, the pancreas and the liver, are all exercised in Pranayama. This is done by gentle massage given to them by the diaphragm and the abdominal muscles. Congestion of liver is removed and unhealthy pancreases are corrected in their function. Gastric disorders are removed.
Pranayama not only controls different physiological functions but is the control of life processes that vitalize the human organism. The effect on heart during Pranayama promotes circulatory system to work satisfactorily.
During Pranayama the venous blood from the brain is drained very thoroughly and fresh arterial blood is supplied to the brain on a larger scale. This condition is accentuated by introducing Uddiyana bandha which enables to get the largest supply of rich arterial blood. This fact is responsible for the instantaneous refreshing results that we get from Pranayama.
PRANAYAM: how it works on mind?
Pranayama is a technique for regulating one’s all emotional and mental states and even the way in which one behaves. Changes in the respiration induce changes in the rest of the autonomic nervous system and the physiological reaction of the autonomic nervous system and the physiological reaction is an essential component of emotionality. Pranayama controls the autonomic nervous system and this system regulates the secretion of adrenaline, thyroxin and other hormones of the body. These secretions of these hormones play a prominent role in creating one’s emotional states. By learning to bring changes in the autonomic nervous system through Pranayama, one can modify autonomic arousal and modulate subsequent levels of emotionality. The breath forms a bridge between the conscious and the unconscious. Emotions such as anger, depression and fear all have their characteristic patterns of irregular breathing.
Through Pranayama one learns to consciously alter his breathing and thus his emotional state. One can attain a calm and alert state through smooth and even diaphragmatic breathing. This helps a person to become cognizant of feelings that have been held outside of awareness.
Ghranda samhita (v-57) sums up the results of Pranayama as follows:-
“ By the practice of Pranayama one gets the power of levitation and feeling of lightness, diseases are cured, kundalini is awakened and the state on manonmani (undisturbed state of consciousness) supervenes and finally the mind is filled with Bliss. A person who practices Pranayama becomes happy.”
*M.D.Scholar, Sharira Kriya Deptt,
** Lecturer, Sharira Kriya Deptt,
***Dean & HOD, Sharira Kriya Deptt,
National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur.
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DAV's Ayurveda for Holistic Health
ISSN 2348-6910 Volume - 1 , Issue: 28 , September 2015

Home arrow July 2013 arrow PRANAYAM For Health & Happiness

Editorial Board

Chief Patron
Shri Punam Suri
President, DAV College Managing Committee,
New Delhi.

Dr. Ramesh Arya
Vice President, DAV College Managing Committee,
New Delhi.

Chief Editor
Dr. Raj Kumar Sharma
Asst. Director, Dayanand Ayurvedic College,
Ph: +91-9814204443

Dr. Sanjeev Sood
Principal, Dayanand Ayurvedic College,
Ph. : +91-9814004142

Executive Editor
Dr. Anup K. Gakkhar

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