Ayurvedic Concepts Print
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1. DOSHAS---All functions of the body at the physical level are done by three mass-energy variables called DOSHAS. There are VATA, PITTA & KAPHA. I define these DOSHAS as mass-energy variables because there are there different groups of substance and energies, which may or may not be inter-convertibles at various times and these perform various bodily functions.

2. There are two more doshas called RAJA & TAMA called mansik-doshas which work in association with the first theree doshas

3. DHATUS
It is said that, “deh dharanat Dhatav | “ Dhatu” is that which composes the body and supports.
The human body is made up of doshas, dhatus and malas. ‘Dhatus’ constitute major physical component of the body. E.g. Cells, tissues organs, sheaths, bones, membranes, fats, skin and so on. It gives a definite shape to the body. The characteristic feature that dhatus exhibit are :

  1. Sansthan kritvam
  2. Satat parinaam sheelatwam
  3. Swasrotono Chratwam

The first feature, determines the shape of the body.The second; dhatus undergo continuous transformation (wear and tear) during their functions.

The third refers to the specific behaviour of dhatu parmanu to enter or exit only through their channels. This signifies the selective permeability, which tends to synthesize or analyse that particular dhatu-system.

Dhatus may be in normal form or impure form. The normal form of dhatus affords to growth, but on the contrary, if impure forms are retained it behaves like toxins that irritate and damage the system.

The ingested food is transformed into body components by digestion. The body components which functions by virtue of their qualities are referred to as ‘doshas’ and those, which operate by virtue of their dravya form, are designated as ‘dhatus’. However, the ‘drayva’ and ‘guna’ are coexistent and inseparable. Ayurveda says, ( hindi cotation…………………………………….) So, we can not expect doshas to exist independent of dhatus. Thus ‘dhatus’ form a ‘substratum’ for the doshas to operate in the body. This concept of ‘residence’ (Dhatu) and ‘resident’ (Dosha) is referred to as ASHRYA ASHRYI PRINCIPLE ( hindi………….)
There are seven dhatus, enumerated as follows:

  1. Rasa – Plasma and lymph and intra and extra cellular fluids
  2. Rakta – Blood cells (corpuscles)
  3. Mamsa – Muscular tissue
  4. Meda – Adipose tissue (fat)
  5. Asthi – Osseous tissue (connective tissue)
  6. Majja – Bone marrow
  7. Shukra – reproductive tissues

4. AGNI
Digestive power of person or AGNI as nominated in Ayurveda is the key concept or the key process, which decides, what type of the health will be, in the times to come. AGNI gets impaired on account of absolute fasting, indigestion, over consumption of food, irregular diet, unsuitable food, excessive heavy/cold/dry/contaminated food, imperfect purgation, and emaciation due to chronic illness, change o place & climate. Suppression of natural urges also leads to derangement of AGNI.

5. MALA VIJNANA
This is a subject, which deals with major excretory system of the body. The major excreta of the body are stools (faeces), urine and sweat. The major exchange of gases included carbon di-oxide, excreted mainly from lungs through expiration. It is considered exchange of gases and hence not been considered under mala vijnana.

That which contaminates the body with its presence is called “mala” (excreta, waste) and hence has to, be eliminated. If it is retained, it causes irritation, contamination and vitiation of doshas and dhatus. The body naturally excretes these malas to maintain the balance.

The body constitutes dosha, dhatu and mala simultaneously. The major are stools, urine and sweat. The minor excreta, are metabolic by-products which are outcome of dhatwagni vyapara in their channels and are noted to be mucous (mucus), bile (which contain bilirubin and biliverdin secretions, nails skin, hairs (body hairs), the secretions that moist and unct the eyes, the unctuousness which keep the skin and stools moist and ojas (conventional ‘Ojas’, in fact is not a mala, but in the subtle, (micro) extract of all dhatus which forms the “immunity” through protective antibodies. Here, perhaps, it refers to ‘pus formation’, which should be drained out, in this context the malas, which normally does support the body until they are stored and vitiated abnormally.

TO SUM UP

CHARAK SAYS IN SUTRA STHAAN 1/53 ……… 58(HINDI QUTATION)

- Ayurveda brings about equilibrium of ‘dhatus’ (The application of Ayurvedic principles results in dhatus-balance)

- The causes of both mental and physical diseases (related to psychic and somatic) are said to be “trio” – of wrong, non-and excessive utilisation of time (seasonal or diurnal), mental faculties and sensory objects.

- The ‘diseases’ could shelter in body or mind and the ‘happiness (health) could be enjoyed by the same. The discretion in the utility of (samyak-yoga) these factors [kala, buddhi (Indriya) and Indriyartha] would make for health (happiness).

- The spiritual force (Soul) is ever devoid of transformation (undue changes
>diseases) and is held responsible for self- consciousness (active) with the aid of mind and sense (the specific virtues of five-subtle elements = Pancha tanmatra) and is eternal and is the observer of all activities.

-The vata, Pitta and Kapha are three physio-pathological symbolic expressions of the body and that of mind are rajas and tamas.


- The former gets reconciled with natural favours (Daiva-> devine fortunes) or physical technical procedures but the latter by 5 counselling methods such as spirituals, scriptural knowledge (psychic systematic specialities), patience (a confident approach gained by assurance, experience, encouragements and practice of endurance), memory (remembrance of events or motivation to recollect) and meditation.

 
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DAV's Ayurveda for Holistic Health
ISSN 2348-6910 Volume - 1 , Issue: 28 , September 2015

Home arrow May 2008 arrow Ayurvedic Concepts

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