It's a known fact that each and every activity in the body could not take place without the harmonious involvement of tridosha. There are the intrinsic factors, which become excited and imbalanced, causing morbidities. Among the noted health problems, hypertension is a most troublesome disease in present era, considered as a great enemy to mention and also known as a silent or hidden killer. Over 10% people of India are affected with hypertension, majority of them are from urban areas. Gradually it damages the Tri Marmas (the vital parts of our body) and lead to death.  

To, just talk about causes, we should give an eye upon two main types of hypertension.

In Primary hypertension blood pressure is elevated in the absence of any underlying disease. The arterial blood pressure is increased because of increased peripheral resistance, which occurs due to some unknown causes.
Secondary hypertension is due to some underlying disease. Different reasons of secondary hypertension are Atherosclerosis (hardening of blood vessels), Coarctation of (Aorta-narrowing of aorta), Stenosis of renal arteries, Tumor of juxta-glomerular cells leading to function of excess of angiotensin-II, Glomerular nephritis, Increased intracranial pressure, Lesion in tractus solitaries, Sectioning of nerve fibers from carotid sinus, Hypertension during pregnancy is due to some auto-immune process or release of some vaso-constrictor agents.
Classification of hypertension by WHO
Checklist for Hypertension
  • Pain experienced at the back of the head and neck on waking up, which is disappear soon
  • Dizziness
  • Palpitation
  • Excessive sweating
  • Spasm/Pain in calf muscles
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue
  • Dyspnoea (difficulty in breathing)
Ayurvedic Management of Hypertension:
Ayurveda is very concerned about conservation of health with practice of dietary measures recommended in Ayurveda. Weight reduction is very helpful to maintain the normal blood pressure.
According to Ayurveda improving your life style by adoption of ethical habits are must if you really want to stay away from mental and physical stress and from eventual hypertension.
Common Causes:
  • Sedentary life style
  • Hurry and worry
  • Coffee, cigarette and other intoxicants
  • Non-vegetarian diet and excess common table salt
  • Natural urges should not be suppressed
  • Vata aggravating food and regimens
Panchakarma procedures used for hypertension are Niruha Vasti, Virechan (mild), Shirodhara (with medicated ksheer) & Nasya.
Formulations used Hypertension are Lashunadivati, Prabhaker vati, Sarpgandha-ghan vati, Mukta vati. Brahmi ghrita, sunishannak-changeri ghrita, Shankhpushpi ghrita. Hridyeshwar rasa, Hridyarnav rasa, krishnachaturmukh rasa, Trinetra rasa, Vrihad vat chintamani rasa, Vasant malti rasa. Arjunarishta, Ashwagandharishta, Saraswatarishta. Pushkarmool churna, Sarpgandhadi churna, kakubhadi churna. Mukta pishti, Akik pishti, Jaharmohra pishti. Brahma rasayana, Dhatri leha, Khamira ganjwa, Rose petal Jam. All the procedures and medicines of ayurveda should be used under the supervison of a qualified ayurvedic physician.
1. P. G. Scholar,
2. Professor and Head,
Department of Sharira Kriya,
National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur.